80 Accurate Facts About Arizona

Arizona is home to numerous national monuments and iconic natural landmarks, including the one-and-only Grand Canyon.

Find out what else the Copper State is known for with this comprehensive list of interesting facts about Arizona, USA!

General Arizona Facts

  • Arizona is located in the Western and Southwestern region of the United States.
  • It is also one of the Sun Belt states, and sometimes classified as a Mountain State, being at the far southern end of the Rocky Mountains.
  • Arizona is the 6th largest state in the US, with a land area of 113,990 mi² (295,234 km²), sitting between New Mexico and Nevada in terms of size.
  • Arizona is similar in size to the Philippines or Ecuador.
  • The state has a population of 7.4 million, making Arizona the 14th most populous state in the nation, sitting between Washington and Massachusetts in terms of population.
The skyline of Phoenix, Arizona with mountains in the background and an orange sky
Phoenix, Arizona
  • Phoenix is the capital city of Arizona. With a population of 1.6 million (or 4.6 million in the greater metropolitan area), it is the 5th largest city in the US, after New York City, LA, Chicago, and Houston.
  • Arizona has just 15 counties, with the largest being Maricopa County, where Phoenix is located.
  • People from Arizona are called Arizonans or Arizonians.
  • The acronym for Arizona is AZ.
  • 1 in 8 people in Arizona are immigrants.
Huge stone towers in Monument Valley, Arizona
Monument Valley in Arizona’s Navajo Nation
  • The state is home to 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo (the largest tribe in the US) and Hopi in the Four Corners area.
  • Navajo is the third most spoken language after English and Spanish in Arizona.
  • The name Arizona may come from the Spanish word Arizonac, which means “place of little spring”, or it may come from the Basque words Haritz Ona which mean “the good oak tree”.
  • That Arizona is derived from the Spanish words for “Arid Zone” (zona arida) is a misconception.
  • Arizona’s motto is “Ditat Deus”, which is Latin for “God Enriches”.
A copper mine in Arizona
A copper mine in the “Copper State”
  • The official slogan of Arizona is “The Grand Canyon State”.
  • The official nickname of Arizona is “The Copper State”, as the state leads the nation in copper production. Other nicknames have include “The Apache State,” “The Aztec State,” “Sand Hill State”, “Sunset State”, and “Sweetheart State.”
  • Two more nicknames for Arizona are “The Baby State”, because it was the last of the Lower 48 States to join the United States (only Alaska and Hawaii were later), and “The Valentine State”, because it joined on Feb. 14, 1912.
  • Arizona is rich in turquoise, which is why it is the official state gem.
A saguaro cactus with many branches in Arizona
The iconic saguaro cactus in Arizona’s Sonoran Desert
  • The Arizona state flower is the white blossom. The flower grows on the saguaro cactus, which is the largest cactus in the country and only found in Arizona’s Sonoran Desert, Sonoran state in Mexico, and a few places in California.
  • Arizona actually has an official state neckwear, which is the bolo tie.
  • The state mammal is the adorable ringtail cat, which belongs to the racoon family. A ringtail cat can squeeze into a hole the size of a golf ball.
The flag of Arizona
The Arizona state flag
  • Arizona’s flag features alternating yellow and red rays, representing the western setting sun and the 13 original colonies. The colors are based on the Spanish flag that was carried into the region by Coronado. The bottom half of the flag features the same shade of blue as the US flag. There’s a copper star which represents the state as the largest copper producer in the nation.

Random Interesting Facts About Arizona

  • Lake Havasu City, dubbed “Arizona’s Playground,” has the original London Bridge from London, England. The city bought it for $2.5 million when London replaced their original one.
A whole tree in broken sections that have turned into petrified wood in Arizona
A petrified tree in Petrified Wood National Park
  • Grand Canyon is the 4th most visited national park in the US, after Great Smoky Mountains in North Carolina and Tennessee, Zion National Park in Colorado, and Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming. It saw 4.5 million visitors in 2021.
  • Spanning 1902 mi2 (4926 km2), Grand Canyon National Park is larger than Rhode Island. It is, however, not the deepest canyon in the US. That title goes to Hells Canyon in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
  • There are also six state forests, and 36 state parks in Arizona. 83% of Arizona is made up of public lands, reservations and forests. Arizona is home to more Native American land than any other state.
A castle built into a cliff at Montezuma Castle in Arizona viewed from below
Montezuma Castle National Monument
  • The best-preserved crater on the planet is Arizona’s Barringer Crater (AKA Meteor Crater). Believed to be 50 thousand years old, the crater roughly measures 557.7 feet (170 m) in depth and 3,937 feet (1,200 m) in diameter.
Looking upward at a narrow slit in a rock gorge in Antelope Canyon, Arizona
Antelope Canyon
  • The 800 mi (1300 km) Arizona Trail traverses Arizona from north to south at the Mexico border and is used for hiking, biking, cross-country skiing, and more.
  • Arizona has over 100 wineries and produces 22 varieties of wine, mostly in the state’s southeast. There are also around 100 breweries in the state.
  • Arizona’s major employment sectors include manufacturing, electronics, aerospace, business services, tourism, back-office operations, agriculture and mining.
  • Arizona is home to the gila monsters, the only venomous lizard in the country. They have a black and orange pattern on their backs.
A gila monster on the ground in Arizona
A gila monster
  • The highest point in Arizona is Humphreys Peak, at 12,633 ft (3851 m), while the lowest point in Arizona is the Colorado River, at 70 ft (21 m).
  • Arizona has a desert climate, with mild winters, and hot dry summers (it is the 4th driest state after Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming). The weather varies a lot; in fact, Phoenix is the state capital with the most days above 100°F, while Flagstaff, Arizona is the city with the most days below freezing in the Lower 48 States.
  • The hottest temperature ever recorded in Arizona was 128°F (53.3°C) on June 29, 1994 at Lake Havasu, while the lowest temperature was -40°F (-40°C) on January 7, 1971 at Hawley Lake in the White Mountains.
  • Chimichangas (basically a deep fried burrito) are the unofficial state food of Arizona. The chimichanga was an Arizonan creation, despite the common misconception that the food was invented in Mexico.
  • Indian tacos, a taco made on Indian fry bread, have also been voted the state food of Arizona.
  • The first ever McDonald’s drive-through opened in Sierra Vista, Arizona in 1975.
  • Despite the desert heat in Arizona, many fruits grow there, like pears, apricots, peaches, and persimmons. You can even go apple picking in Arizona!
A plate with a chimichanga on it and some other side dishes around it
Arizona’s chimichanga
  • Celebrities from Arizona including singers Alice Cooper, Joe Jonas, Linda Ronstadt, and Jordin Sparks, Tonight Show host Steve Allen, football player Randall McDaniel, and actresses Busy Phillips and Emma Stone.
  • Bands from Arizona include Flotsam and Jetsam, the Gin Blossoms, Jimmy Eat World, Meat Puppets, and Calexico.
  • Arizona was the location of many famous films, including Star Wars: Return of the Jedi, Star Wars: A New Hope, Casablanca, Tank Girl, Raising Arizona, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Natural Born Killers, and Planet of the Apes.
  • PetSmart, Circle K, and U Haul started and are headquartered in Arizona.
  • Arizona has professional teams in all four major sports: the Arizona Cardinals (NFL), Phoenix Suns (NBA), Arizona Diamondbacks (MLB), and Arizona Coyotes (NHL).
A mosaic of some famous people and brands from Arizona
Arizona celebrities and brands Alice Cooper, Linda Ronstadt, Randall McDaniel, Circle K, U Hal, and Petsmart (clockwise from top-left)
  • Arizona is one of two states in the US that doesn’t observe Daylight Savings Time (the other is Hawaii).
  • The saguaro cactus is actually endangered. Cutting one down is a class 4 felony, which is equivalent to one year of prison time.
  • It’s against the law to hang a clothesline in El Mirage, Arizona. If you get caught, you’ll be fined a minimum of $350.
  • According to Arizona’s “Stupid Motorist Law,” anyone who drives around barricades into a flooded area with have to be rescued at their own cost.
A flooded area in Arizona
Arizona is prone to flash floods
  • It’s against the law to hunt camels in the state of Arizona; the animals were once brought from Egypt and Turkey to form the US Camel Corps.
  • If you try to sell fake drugs in Arizona, you can face prison time, as it’s a class 6 felony.
  • In Arizona, you can get a misdemeanor if you attempt palmistry, palm-reading, or fortune-telling.

Historical Facts About Arizona

  • Native American tribes have lived in Arizona for 10–12,000 years.
  • From around 3000 to 500 years ago, Ancestral Puebloan, Hohokam, Mogollon, and Sinagua peoples inhabited the Four Corners area, including Arizona. Some of them built cliff dwellings such as those at Montezuma Castle.
A petroglyph of an animal found in Arizona
Puebloan petroglyph in Monument Valley
  • From the 1400s to the 1500s, most of these civilizations mysteriously disappeared.
  • The first Europeans to arrive in Arizona were the Spanish. In 1539, Marcos de Niza arrived with his missionary group.
  • Arizona was part of the Province of Las California and later Alta California in New Spain.
  • In 1822, after Mexico gained independence, Arizona became part of the Mexican state of Sonora.
Exterior of Mission San Xavier del Bac in Arizona
Spanish Mission San Xavier del Bac
  • In 1848, at the end of the Mexican-American War, America acquired what is now Arizona.
  • In 1849, thousands of people traveled across the area of Arizona because of the California Gold Rush, leading to development in the area.
  • In 1850, Arizona became part of the New Mexico Territory.
  • In the 1853 Gadsden Purchase, the US purchased another 30,000 mi2 from Mexico, including parts of southern Arizona.
  • During the Civil War, battles between the Apaches, Confederates, and Union forces took place in Arizona. The westernmost battle in the war took place at Picacho Peak, Arizona in 1862.
Remains of stone walls at Fort Bowie, Arizona
Remains of Fort Bowie from the Civil War
  • The state’s economic boom began in 1858 with massive growth in the mining industry. Thousands of migrants arrived with the aim of striking it rich in gold and silver fields.
  • In 1868, the city of Phoenix was created.
  • The most famous shootout in the American West, the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, took place in Tombstone, Arizona in 1881. It lasted for 30 seconds and three people died.
  • In 1886, Apache leader Geronimo surrendered, marking the end of the Indian Wars in the Southwest. People now shout “Geronimo!” to show they have no fear.
A USA stamp showing the Apache leader Geronimo holding a rifle
The fearless Geronimo
  • In 1901, President William McKinley visited Arizona 4 months before he was assassinated.
  • In 1912, Arizona became the 48th state of the nation.
  • During World War II, many Navajo people from Arizona became secret agents. The Navajo were great at their job, especially because the enemies couldn’t identify or translate their language.
  • In 1948, Native American residents of Arizona gained the right to vote.
  • The first Arizonan to serve on the Cabinet was Stewart Udall in 1961 as Secretary of Interior.
Exterior of Arizona State Capitol, with some cacti in front of it
The Arizona State Capitol, completed in 1900
  • In 1966, Miranda v. Arizona was a landmark case that led to the right to remain silent when being questioned.
  • The first female governor of Arizona, Rose Mofford, was appointed in 1988.
  • Hundreds of Arizona residents reported seeing UFOs flying through the sky in Phoenix one night in 1997.
  • Arizona passed a strict and contested law “SB 1070” in 2010, which imposes harsh restrictions and regulations on immigrants and aliens.
  • In 2013, Kayla Mueller, a human rights activist, died under ISIS captivity in Syria, receiving international attention.
  • In 2020, President Trump visited Yuma, Arizona to celebration the completion of 200 miles of the Mexico-USA border wall.